Gilmore Girls’ context emerges from first and second wave feminism, which established certain presumed rights for women including in the spheres of political voting, education and employment. These successes have developed into postfeminism thinking which assumes all women’s rights have been pre-established, despite substantial contemporary structural inequalities. Women are marginally represented within national and international politics, and CEO positions; a gender wage gap perpetuates; women are over-represented in poverty, and; women experience the majority of sexual violence crimes reported. These facts represent only a component of contemporary women’s struggles, and do not begin to introduce issues for women of colour or in non-Western societies, or any transgender issues. However, Western media commonly ignores all feminist and gender issues, and chooses to instead offer a utopian recluse to audiences. Gilmore Girls follows postfeminist and neoliberal ideology by exhibiting empowerment of women only in labour and childcare successes, and not representing struggles of other spheres. Heteronormativity is maintained with rotating male figures replacing the father figure for Rory and the heterosexual partner for Lorelai. Heteronormative sexual experiences are also conservatized throughout Rory and her peers’ upbringings. And lastly, homosexual experiences are never represented, with the exceptions of a few ambiguous and mocked instances. Within the sphere of race, Lane and Mrs Kim constitute the most developed non-white characters, and the most substantial for analysis of racial issues. Lane and her few Korean peers all desperately seek to shell all remnants of Korean identity, and adopt American culture. The next generation of parents, on the other hand, are represented with fake Korean accents and as extremely strict and oppressive. The last sphere of inequality researched was class, which is again utopic in Stars Hollow. Lorelai’s individual hard-working traits moved her up the class ladder, when she removed herself from her parents’ world of excessive wealth. Any class below this very slight decline of Lorelai’s is never represented. Overall, the vast majority of non-heteronormative, racial and class identities are ignored by Gilmore Girls.

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